Spices

Imagine your food without any spices. Unimaginable, is it? We can easily put it this way; wherever you find an Indian you will find spices. No wonder, when food giants from across the world come to India, they have to add an Indian twist to their menu.

Apart from adding colour, flavour and taste, consumption of spices provide infinite health benefits. You can be more creative in use of spices if you know its uses better. Some may be a substitute for your costly beauty products and even medicines.

черен пипер
Black pepper is the fruit of the black pepper plant from the Piperaceae family and is used as both a spice and a medicine. The chemical piperine, which is present in black pepper, causes the spiciness. It is native to Kerala, the southern state of India. Since ancient times, black pepper is one of the most widely traded spices in the world. It is not considered a seasonal plant and is therefore available throughout the year. When dried, this plant-derived spice is referred to as a peppercorn, and is then ground into a powder to be put on food to add flavor and spice.

Because of its antibacterial properties, pepper is also used to preserve food. It is a rich source of manganese, iron, potassium, vitamin-C, vitamin K, and dietary fiber. Black pepper is also a very good anti-inflammatory agent.Health Benefits of Black Pepper are,

  • Good for the Stomach
  • Weight Loss
  • Skin Health
  • Respiratory Relief
  • Antibacterial Quality
  • Antioxidant Potential
  • Enhances Bioavailability
  • Cognitive Impairment and Neurological Health
  • Peptic Ulcers
  • Asthma and Whooping Cough

Бял пипер
White pepper consists of only the inner seed of the pepper berry, with the pericarp removed. To make white pepper, the berry is picked fully ripe. Its outer shrunken skin is rubbed off, exposing the dried, greyish-white pepper inside. This white pepper is dried and sold commercially, in whole and powdered forms.

White pepper – and hence, its powder – has a milder, more delicate flavour than black pepper because it contains lesser piperine, the volatile oil that gives pepper its characteristic flavour. It is useful for adding a peppery flavour to light-coloured sauces and soups. White pepper is preferred in Europe, especially France, and is also popular in Japan.Health benefits are,
• White pepper stimulates the taste buds in such a way that an alert is sent to the stomach to increase hydrochloric acid secretion, thereby improving digestion and reducing intestinal gas.
• Pepper is an excellent source of manganese, a very good source of iron and vitamin K, and a good source of dietary fibre.
• In addition, white pepper has diaphoretic (promotes sweating) and diuretic (promotes urination) properties.

Cardamom
кардамон бяло
Cardamom is well known as a spice used in Indian cooking, and is one of the primary constituents of Garam Masala. What many people don’t realize is that cardamom is also medicinal, and helps relieve digestive problems induced by garlic and onion, making it more than merely an aromatic addition to the stomach-challenging cuisine it accompanies. Cardamom is considered one of the most valuable spices in the world due to its rich aroma and therapeutic properties.

Many varieties of cardamom exist, but there are two genera which include cardamom plants. The first, known scientifically as Ellataria and commonly referred to as green or true cardamom, is found mainly in India. Cardamom grown in Asia is part of the genus Amomum, and goes by an assortment of common names, such as brown cardamom, Java cardamom, Bengal cardamom, Kravan, white cardamom, Siamese cardamom, and red cardamom.

Cardamom is farmed in only a few places in the world, including Sri Lanka, China, Laos, Nepal, Vietnam, pockets of India, and Guatemala. It grows uncultivated more rarely, limited to the rich, dense soils of certain South Asian forests. Despite these limitations, the ground seeds of cardamom, as well as intact seeds often within pods, are widely available for purchase.

As a member of the ginger family, cardamom grows perennially and produces vast, fleshy root structures known as rhizomes. It has large leaves, green and white flowers, an edible but slightly bitter fruit, and large seeds. The seeds of the cardamom plant contain a variety of important minerals such as calcium, sulfur, and phosphorus. They also contain volatile oil composed of acetic and formic acids. This volatile oil, which makes up about 5 percent of the seed’s mass, has aromatic and medicinal properties, and it is what makes cardamom so valuable.

Studies confirm that cardamom oil acts as an analgesic and antispasmodic in rats and rabbits, producing relief and lowered distention and writhing within digestive systems reacting negatively to uncomfortable stimuli. This effect is the primary medicinal quality of cardamom, and Eastern cultures have been taking advantage of it for centuries.

Cardamom has been used to relieve the following medical problems:

  • Bad Breath
  • Tooth, Gum, and Oral Disorders
  • Digestion
  • Urinary problems
  • Depression and Aromatherapy
  • Cancer

Cardamom oils can be added to baths as a form of aromatherapy that fights depression and reduces stress. Ground Cardamom seeds can be made into a tea for similar benefits.

канела
Cinnamon is a spice that comes from the branches of wild trees that belong to the genus “Cinnamomum” – native to the Caribbean, South America, and Southeast Asia.There are two main types of cinnamon:

  • Cinnamomum verum (Ceylon cinnamon), most commonly used in the Western world
  • Cinnamomum aromaticum (Cassia cinnamon or Chinese cinnamon), which originates from southern China, is typically less expensive than Ceylon cinnamon.

Cinnamon has been consumed since 2000 BC in Ancient Egypt, where it was very highly prized (almost considered to be a panacea). In medieval times doctors used cinnamon to treat conditions such as coughing,arthritis and sore throats .

Modern research indicates that this spice may have some very beneficial properties.

Health benefits

  • Cinnamon is used to help treat muscle spasms, vomiting,diarrhea, infections, the common cold, loss of appetite, and erectile dysinfuntion.
  • Cinnamon may lower blood sugar in people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, according to Diabetes UK. However high quality research supporting the claim remains scarce.
  • Can help fight against bacterial and fungal infections.
  • The study authors concluded that consuming up to 6 grams of cinnamon per day “reduces serum glucose, triglyceride, and total cholesterol in people with type 2 diabetes.” and that “the inclusion of cinnamon in the diet of people with type 2 diabetes will reduce risk factors associated with diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.”
  • Tel Aviv University researchers discovered that cinnamon may help prevent Alzheimer’s disease. According to Prof.
  • According to the study authors, “the most effective extracts against HIV-1 and HIV-2 are respectively Cinnamomum cassia (bark) and Cardiospermum helicacabum (shoot + fruit).”
  • According to a neurological scientist at Rush University Medical Center. Cinnamon could help eliminate the need to take some expensive and unpleasant drugs.
  • Lower the negative effects of high fat meals.

Cloves
Cloves are one of the highly prized spices, widely recognized all over the world for their medicinal and culinary qualities. They are the “flower buds” from evergreen rain-forest tree native to Indonesia.

Botanically, the spice belongs to the family of Myrtaceae of the genus; Sygyzium, and scientifically named as Sygizium aromaticum.

The flower buds are initially pale in color, gradually turn to green, and, finally develop into bright-red clove buds by the time of harvesting. Buds are generally picked up when they reach 1.5-2 cm in length.

Structurally, each bud consists of long calyx; terminating in four spreading sepals, and four unopened petals, which form a small ball (dome) at the center. The sweet aroma of cloves is due to eugenol, an essential oil in them.

Medicinal properties and health benefits of cloves

  • The active principles in the clove are known to have antioxidant, anti-septic, local anesthetic, anti-inflammatory, rubefacient (warming and soothing), carminative and anti-flatulent properties.
  • The spice contains health benefiting essential oils such as It is a phenyl-propanoids class of chemical compound, which gives pleasant, sweet aromatic fragrances to the clove-bud. Eugenol has local anesthetic and antiseptic properties, hence; useful in dental care essentials as well as in treatment procedures.
  • The other important constituents in this spice include:
    essential oils: acetyl eugenol, beta-caryophyllene and vanillin, crategolic acid;
    tannins: gallotannic acid, methyl salicylate (painkiller);
    the flavonoids: eugenin, kaempferol, rhamnetin, and eugenitin;
    triterpenoids: such as oleanolic acid, stigmasterol and campesterol
    and several
  • The active principles in the clove may increase gut motility as well as improve the digestion power by increasing gastro-intestinal enzyme secretions. Thus, helps relieve indigestion and constipation problems.
  • The spice also contains a good amount of minerals like potassium, manganese, iron, selenium and magnesium. Potassium is an important electrolyte of cell and body fluids that helps control heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase.
  • Further, the spice buds contain very good amounts of vitamin A and beta-carotene levels. These compounds are known to have antioxidant properties. Vitamin A is also required by the body for maintaining healthy mucus membranes and skin in addition to essential for vision. Consumption of natural foods rich in flavonoids helps to protect the body from lung and oral cavity cancers.
  • Additionally, this spice is a good source of vitamin-K, vitamin-B6 (pyridoxine), thiamin (vitamin B-1), vitamin-C and riboflavin. Consumption of foods rich in vitamin C helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents and scavenge harmful oxygen-free radicals.

кимион
Health Benefits of Cumin

The health benefits of cumin include the following:

Digestion: Cumin is extremely good for digestion and related problems. The very aroma of cumin, which comes from an aromatic organic compound called Cuminaldehyde, the main component of its essential oil, activates our salivary glands in our mouth, which facilitates the primary digestion of food.

Piles: The main cause behind piles (hemorrhoids) is constipation added with infections in the wound in the anal tract, which are also caused by constipation. Cumin, because of its dietary fiber content and carminative, stimulating, antifungal and antimicrobial properties, acts as a natural laxative in powdered form.

Diabetes: Although research is still ongoing, early studies report that cumin, among a number of other spices, can have a powerful effect in preventing diabetes by reducing the chances of hypoglycemia.

Insomnia: This is a very peculiar property of cumin. It is a stimulant as well as a relaxant at the same time. This property cannot be attributed to a single component alone, just as causes of insomnia cannot be attributed to a single cause. However, studies show that the proper intake of vitamins (particularly B-complex) and good digestion help to induce a sound sleep. Cumin helps in both of these factors. Some of the components of cumin essential oil are hypnotic in nature and have tranquilizing effects, which also help to relieve stress and anxiety that commonly causes insomnia.

Respiratory Disorders, Asthma, Bronchitis: The presence of caffeine (the stimulating agent), and the richly aromatic essential oils (the disinfectants) make cumin an ideal anticongestive combination for those suffering from respiratory disorders such as asthma and bronchitis.

Common Cold: The common cold is a viral infection which affects our body frequently when our immune system becomes weakened or vulnerable. Again, the essential oils present in cumin act as disinfectants and help fight viral infections which can cause the common cold.

Lactation: Cumin is rich in iron and thus very good for lactating mothers as well as for women who are undergoing menses or who are pregnant, since they are more in need of iron than others.

Anemia: As stated above, cumin is very rich in iron (more than 66 mg. in every 100 grams) which is more than 5 times the daily requirement of iron for an adult. This iron is the main constituent of hemoglobin in the red blood corpuscles of blood. It is hemoglobin which transfers oxygen (as the oxide of iron) to the body’s cells and whose deficiency causes anemia. So, cumin can be a nutritious additive to daily diet for anemic people and avoid the symptoms of anemia like fatigue, anxiety, cognitive malfunction, and digestive issues.

Concentration and Cognitive Malfunction: The amount of iron in cumin leads to increased hemoglobin production and subsequent prevention of anemia, but that increased blood flow has other benefits as well. When your blood circulation is in top form, adequate amounts of oxygen are able to reach the organs and the brain, leading to optimal performance of those bodily systems.

Skin Disorders: Almost everyone knows that vitamin-E is good for the maintenance of skin and the prevention of premature aging symptoms.

Fennel
Health Benefits of Fennel

Anemia: Iron and histidine, an amino acid found in fennel, are both helpful in treatment of anemia. Whereas iron is the chief constituent of hemoglobin, histidine stimulates production of hemoglobin and also helps in the formation of various other components of the blood.

Indigestion: It is a common practice, particularly on the Indian Subcontinent, to chew fennel seeds after meals. This is done to facilitate digestion and to eliminate bad breath.

Heart Disease: Fennel is a great source of fiber, as mentioned above, but besides the advantages to digestion that fiber provides, it also helps to maintain healthy levels of cholesterol in the blood stream.

Cancer: The raw vegetable itself hasn’t been extensively studied in regards to cancer protection, but the fennel seed extract has, and the findings regarding cancer protection are quite impressive.

Blood Pressure: Fennel is a very rich source of potassium, which is an essential nutrient in our bodies and is vital for a number of important processes. One of the attributes of potassium is its quality as a vasodilator, which means that it relaxes the tension of blood vessels, thereby reducing blood pressure.

Brain Function: Potassium, found in high levels in fennel bulbs and seeds, is an electrolyte, which means that it facilitates increased electrical conduction throughout the body.

Diarrhea: Fennel is helpful in curing diarrhea if it is caused by bacterial infection, because some components of the essential oil in fennel such as anetol and cineole have disinfectant and antibacterial properties.

Colic: Polymeric and heavy molecules are useful in the treatment of Renal Colic. Such polymers, also called Phytoestrogens, are found in Anethole, a component of the essential oil in fennel. This attribute of fennel makes it quite helpful in the treatment of Renal Colic.

Immune System: 1 cup of fennel bulb contains almost 20% of the daily requirement of vitamin-C, which makes fennel quite a rich source of this beneficial element of our diet.

Menstrual Disorders: Fennel is also an Emenagogue, meaning that it eases and regulates menstruation by properly regulating hormonal action in the body.

Breast Enlargement: The flavonoids present in fennel seeds increase the amount of estrogen thereby acting as a stimulant and tonic. Fennel seeds helps increase the size of the breasts as they increase the formation of new cells and tissues in the breast.

Eye Care: Using fennel in food helps protect the eyes from inflammation, as well as helping to reduce disorders related to premature aging and macular degeneration.

Respiratory Disorders: Fennel is useful in respiratory disorders such congestion, bronchitis, and cough due to the presence of Cineole and Anetol which are expectorant in nature, among their many other virtues.

nutmeg_whole
Just a little Nutmeg grated into soup or sauce, or a few drops of nutmeg essential oil rubbed on the skin, can do a world of good for your health. Take a look at the healing benefits of this rich, aromatic spice.

  • Nutmeg aids sleep. When we were children, our grandmother would give us a glass of milk with a pinch of powedered nutmeg. “It will help you sleep better,” she would say. And it did.
  • A dusting of nutmeg adds aroma and enhances the taste of your food. It also gives you trace minerals that keep the immune system strong. Potassium, calcium, iron and manganese are among key minerals found in nutmeg.
  • Just a little nutmeg, ground and mixed with water or honey into a paste, can make skin look clearer and brighter within a few days, reducing scars and alleviating acne. You can also add nutmeg to your face scrub for the same benefits.
  • For centuries, nutmeg has been used as a medicinal spice that brings relief from digestive problems. So grate a little nutmeg into your soups and stews for a boost of flavor and a healthy gut!
  • The star spice in dental care has traditionally been clove. But few might know that nutmeg too has proven antibacterial properties that protect the teeth and gums. Nutmeg oil has eugenol, which brings relief from toothache. That’s why you often find it listed among the ingredients of toothpaste. Combined with cinnamon, it makes a powerful antiseptic, antimicrobial paste.
  • Nutmeg keeps the brain sharp! It contains a natural organic compound called myristicin, which is known to shield your brain against degenerative disease such as Alzheimer’s.
  • The essential oil of nutmeg brings relief from muscular and joint pain. Apply it to a localized area of swelling and discomfort, and feel the pain melt away.
  • In holistic medicine, nutmeg is often prescribed to rev up blood circulation and treat kidney infections. Traditional healers believe it also strengthens the liver.

dv277031
Mace spice is dry, outer aril that firmly enveloping around the nutmeg kernel. Nutmeg and mace indeed are two separate spice products of same nutmeg fruit. However, mace characteristically has higher concentration of certain essential oils and features refined yet intense aroma than nutmeg. For the same reasons, it commands special place in the kitchen spice box!

Mace as well as the nutmeg seeds were thought to have originated in the tropical rain forest of Indonesian Maluku Islands, also known as the spice Islands. Binomially, nutmeg is an evergreen belonging to Myristicaceae family, and known scientifically as Myristica fragrans. There are several species of nutmeg grown all over the world other than Myristica species, such as M. argentea, M. malabarica (Indian), and M. fatua. They are rather similar to M. fragrans in appearence, however, have inferior flavor and aroma.Health benefits of mace spice

  • Essentially employed as an aromatic agent, mace spice greatly enhances color, taste and flavor of foods. Nonetheless, it contains some of the anti-oxidant compounds essential oils, minerals, and vitamins.
  • Mace features quite different nutritional profile than nutmeg has. It is less in calories, however, has more concentrations of essential oils, vitamin A, vitamin C, carotenes, iron, calcium,
  • The spice contains fixed oil trimyristine, and many essential volatile oils, which gives a sweet aromatic flavor such as myristicin, elemicin, eugenol and safrole. These oils occur in higher concentration in mace than in nutmeg. The other less important volatile-oils are pinene, camphene, dipentene, cineole, linalool, sabinene, safrole, terpeniol.
  • The active principles in ace spice have many therapeutic applications in many traditional medicines as anti-fungal, anti-depressant, aphrodisiac, digestive, and carminative functions.
  • Mace has more vitamin-C content than nutmeg. 100 g mace spice has 21 mg against just 3 mg of nutmegs. Likewise, mace blades contain more riboflavin (vitamin B-2).
  • Mace arils are rather excellent sources of vitamin-A. 100 g of mace provides 800 IU vitamin A, nearly nine times more compared to that in nutmeg.
  • Mace arils contain more calcium, copper, iron and magnesium than nutmeg. 100 g of mace powder has 13.90 mg of iron when compared to just 3.04 mg of nutmeg. Manganese and copper are utilized by the human body as co-factors for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. Iron is essential for red blood cell production and as a co-factor for cytochrome oxidases.

fenugreek
In Indian households, we frequently use both the seeds and leaves of methi (fenugreek) in our dals, parathas, curries and various dishes.

However, you wouldn’t know that methi or fenugreek is also a rich reservoir of medicinal properties. It contains protein, fibre, vitamin C, niacin, potassium, iron and alkaloids. It also contains a compound diosgenin which has oestrogen-like properties, as well as steroidal saponins. These components impart many benefits to methi. Read more about them below.

  • Helps reduce cholesterol
  • Helps reduce risk of heart disease
  • Helps control blood sugar levels in diabetics
  • Aids digestion
  • Helps counter acid reflux or heartburn
  • Helps you lose weight
  • Remedy for fever and sore throat
  • Increases breast milk production in lactating women
  • Induces and eases child birth
  • Helps reduce menstrual discomfort
  • Helps slightly increase breast size
  • Helps prevent colon cancer
  • Helps soothe skin inflammation and reduces scars
  • Helps treat skin problems
  • Can help resolve hair problems

гума арабика
Gum arabic, also known as acacia gum, chaar gund, char goond, or meska, is a natural gum made of hardened sap taken from two species of the acacia tree;Senegalia and Vachellia. The gum is harvested commercially from wild trees mostly in Sudan (80%) and throughout the Sahel from Senegal to Somalia, although it has been historically cultivated in Arabia and West Asia.

Gum arabic is a complex mixture of glycoproteins and polysaccharides. It was historically the source of the sugars arabinose and ribose, both of which were first discovered and isolated from it, and are named after it.

Gum arabic is used primarily in the food industry as a stabilizer. It is edible and has E number E414. Gum arabic is a key ingredient in traditional lithography and is used in printing, paint production, glue, cosmetics and various industrial applications, including viscosite control in inks and in textile industries, although less expensive materials compete with it for many of these roles.

While gum arabic is now produced mostly throughout the African Sahel, it is still harvested and used in the Middle East. For example, Arab populations use the natural gum to make a chilled, sweetened, and flavored geleto -like dessert.

Химическо Джинджър
Ginger refers to the underground bulb belonging to the plant. Its flesh can be white, yellow or even red and is covered by a thick brownish skin. It has been used for centuries as a condiment in many Asian cultures, imparting a tangy and pungent taste to food. The mature root is dried and powdered and used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments. Studies have shown that dried ginger possesses many therapeutic properties. It has a potent antioxidant effect as well as an anti-inflammatory effect.

Nutritional Information and Properties of Dried Ginger,Ginger has high mineral content, being a good source of potassium, magnesium, copper, манган и витамин В6. Те също съдържат някои съединения като gingerols, shogaols и зингерон, летливи масла, които придават характерната миризма и вкус. Тези масла са известни за повишаване подвижността на стомашно-чревния тракт при лабораторни животни и също имат антибактериална, антипирептичен, аналгетични и седативни свойства. Проучванията показват също, че gingerols могат да убиват раковите клетки на яйчниците. Когато джинджифил се суши или варени, shogaols и зингерон са произведени от gingerols, които придават пикантен taste.Health Предимства и Терапевтични приложения Сухи Джинджър

  • Сушени джинджифил се използва в традиционната медицина за облекчаване на стомашно-чревния дистрес. Известно е, че са ефективни при премахване на газ в червата, както и действа по начин, който да помогне в облекчаването на пътища.
  • Recent studies have also shown that ginger also is very beneficial in the prevention of the symptoms related to motion sickness, being even more effective than other medications purchased from medical stores.
  • It reduces symptoms closely related to motion sickness which includes nausea and cold sweats, dizziness and vomiting. This action has proven very beneficial in treating ‘morning sickness’ in pregnant women. Unlike anti-emetic drugs which may cause birth defects, the use of ginger is considered very safe and the dosage too needs to be very small.
  • Gingerols in dried ginger have very powerful anti-inflammatory properties. Clinical studies have shown that many people suffering from osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis experienced decrease in their level of pain after consuming ginger regularly. Те също изпитват подобри подвижността на ставите в засегнатите райони. Едно скорошно проучване за период от дванадесет месеца установено, че в случаи на артрит на коляното, хора, които консумират джинджифил също демонстрират по-малка болка, отколкото другите в движение. Измерване на обиколката на коляното, се понижи с почти 10% от дванадесетата седмица поради своите противовъзпалителни свойства.
  • Gingerols може да предотврати растежа и разпространението на колоректални ракови клетки. Експериментите са показали, че те могат да убиват раковите клетки на яйчниците чрез индуциране на апоптоза (програмирана клетъчна смърт) и авто фагоцитоза (самостоятелно храносмилането).
  • Джинджър може да насърчи изпотяване, което може да помогне на по-ниска телесна температура, полезни при лечение на простудни и грипа. Този процес също така помага на тялото да се отърве от токсините. It has such a rich concentration of active compounds that very little is required to receive its beneficial effects.
  • Ginger tea can be made by adding a pinch of dried ginger to a cup of boiling water. This will help treat digestive disorders. Alternatively, the powder can be added to a cup of tea to make it more palatable.

звездовиден анасон
Star anise is the star-shaped fruit of an evergreen plant known scientifically as Illicium verum. Originating in southern China, star anise has a licorice- or anise-like flavor, although it is not related to the true anise plants native to the Mediterranean basin and Middle East. Traditionally used as a spice and also as a healing herb, star anise appears to have medicinal properties that endow it with significant health benefits.

Rich in Shikimic Acid

Star anise is the primary source of shikimic acid, a plant-based compound that is the precursor to oseltamivir, an antiviral medication that is marketed as Tamiflu, according to an article in a 2011 issue of “Alternative Medicine Studies.” Although shikimic acid also occurs naturally in ginkgo and sweetgum fruit, star anise has far greater concentrations. Italian researchers tested shikimic acid alone and in combination with quercetin, an antioxidant-rich plant-based nutrient, to see if they could bolster immune function to help fight off flu or other viral infections. Although shikimic acid on its own had little or no effect on immune function, its combination with quercetin, even at low doses, appeared to help ramp up immune function to better resist viral infection. Researchers published their findings in the April 2008 issue of “Journal of Medical Virology.”

Antifungal Properties

Candida albicans is a yeast — a form of fungi — that occurs naturally in the human mouth, throat, intestines and genitourinary tract. However, when your body’s delicate balance of microbes is disturbed or your immune system is somehow weakened, this yeast can grow unhindered and lead to serious infection, known as candidiasis. South Korean researchers found that extracts and essential oils of star anise exhibited strong antifungal properties when tested against Candida albicans. In the Dec. 10, 2010, issue of “Korean Journal of Medical Mycology,” they said their findings confirm that extracts from Illicium verum are promising candidates for use as antifungal agents.

Antibacterial Properties

The upsurge in bacterial infections that exhibit resistance to existing antibiotics has intensified the search for new agents that may prove more effective against these resistant strains of bacteria. Researchers in Taiwan tested four new antimicrobial compounds from star anise and found that they were effective against 67 strains of drug-resistant bacteria. Chronicling their study in the October 2010 issue of “Journal of Medicinal Food,” the researchers reported that their findings pave the way for the development of new antibiotic medicines from the star anise compounds they studied.

Antioxidant Properties

Antioxidants target free radicals – atoms or molecules with unpaired electrons – that can cause disease and cellular damage. Free radicals can damage cellular DNA and initiate carcinogenesis – the beginnings of cancer. You can’t really avoid free radicals, which are byproducts of your body’s metabolic processes, but you can neutralize them by eating a diet rich in antioxidants. Indian researchers conducted an animal study to determine whether star anise’s antioxidant properties helped protect lab rats from artificially induced liver cancer. In a 2007 issue of “Chemico-Biological Interactions,” researchers reported animals that were fed star anise after the induction of carcinogenesis exhibited significantly less evidence of cancer development than those that did not receive star anise.

горчица
Mustard seeds are widely used in Indian households and are an integral part of Indian cooking as they impart a very rich taste to food. Various forms of the sees like oil is used for cooking whereas, whole seeds are used as tadka, powdered seeds are widely used in various dips and garnishings and mustard oil is widely used for cooking. The underlying reason for using mustard seeds is the huge number of medicinal properties they have:

    1. Protects you from gastrointestinal cancer: Packed with phytonutrients, mustard seeds are a great way to prevent and slow the progress of cancers of the gastrointestinal tract. Studies have shown that mustard seeds have properties that can restrict the growth of already present cancer cells and prevent the formation of new cancers.
    2. Can help control symptoms of asthma: Mustard seeds are high in selenium and magnesium. Both the components give it a unique anti inflammatory property. Consumed regularly, it is known to control and keep the symptoms of asthma, cold and chest congestion at bay.
    3. Can help you lose weight: The wonder seeds are packed with B-complex vitamins like folates, niacin, thiamine, riboflavin etc. Apart from all the individual merits of these components, they are great in speeding up one’s metabolism leading to weight loss .
    4. Can slow ageing: Mustard is a great source of carotenes, zeaxanthins and lutein (also called flavonoid and caretonoid antioxidants) vitamin A,C and K. All these components put together make it rich in antioxidants which in turn slows the ageing process
    5. Relieves rheumatoid, arthritic and muscle pain: Съдържанието на селен и магнезий от горчица му придават противовъзпалителни и производство на топлина свойства. Когато се прилага към тялото, пастата загрява района и помага разхлабят мускулите, което води до облекчаване на болката. Прочетете за шест йога асани, за да победи артрит. Tip: За да се облекчи болката направим малък пакет от семената в кърпа муселин, и добавете го да се затопли водата във ваната. Или има дълъг релаксиращ баня, или накиснете умореното си краката за незабавно облекчение. Друг чудесен начин да се прилага пастата на семената от зоната за няколко минути.
    6. Понижава холестерола: Горчица съдържа високи нива на ниацин или витамин В3. Ниацин има свойства, които помагат за по-ниски нива на нечии холестерол и предпазва артериите от атеросклероза (плака застроена). It also helps to regulate blood flow and protects the body from hypertension.
    7. Stimulates hair growth : For centuries mustard oil has been known to stimulate hair growth. It is known to be packed with vitamins and minerals, but what makes the difference is the high amount of beta carotene it contains. During oil production, beta carotene gets converted to vitamin A, which is excellent for hair growth. Apart from this, it also contains iron, fatty acids, calcium and magnesium, all of which promote hair growth.
    8. Helps reduce constipation and may relieve symptoms of piles and fissures : The seeds contain a unique substance called mucilage which is a thick slimy substance that is the key to relieving constipation. Apart from that, it is also high in fibre. In addition, mustard seeds are known to increase the production of saliva, което води до по-добро храносмилане.
    9. Битки кожни инфекции: Снабден с сяра, синапено семе са чудесен начин за ограничаване на кожни инфекции. Серен дава семе противогъбично и антибактериални свойства, които помагат в борбата общи заболявания на кожата.
    10. Подобрява имунитета: Тъй като горчица има голям брой елементарни минерали като желязо, manganese, мед и т.н., това помага за подобряване на способността на организма да се бори с болестта.

Червено-Chilli
Люти чушки, въпреки тяхната огнена "горещина", са един от много популярните подправки известни с лечебни и здравни ползва имота. чили, всъщност, е плод шушулка от централата принадлежащ към семейството на грозде (Solanaceae), в рода, чушле.

Scientific name: пипер. Някои от другите общи членове в семейството Solanaceae са домати, aubergine , картоф , etc.

The chili plant is native to Central American region where it was employed as one the chief spice ingredients in Mexican cuisine for centuries. It was later introduced to the rest of the world by Spanish and Portuguese explorers during 16th and 17th centuries, and today grown widely in many parts of the world as an important commercial crop.

Several cultivars of chili peppers are grown all around the world. Chili plant is a small, perennial shrub with woody stem, growing up to a meter in height. It bears white flowers which subsequently develop into fruit pods of variable size, shape, color, and pungency. Depending on the cultivar type, their hotness ranges from mild, fleshy (Mexican bell peppers) to fiery, tiny, Nag Jalokiya chili peppers of Indian subcontinent. The hotness of chili is measured in “Scoville heat units” (SHU). По скалата Scoville, сладък пипер звънец резултати 0, на Халапеньо пипер около 2,500-4,000 единици, и мексикански лютите чушлета могат да имат 200,000 to 500,000 единици.

Вътре, всеки плод се отличава с множество малки, бял, или кремава на цвят, кръгъл, плоски семена, които прилепени около централната бяла плацентата.

Жъна, люти чушки могат да се качват, докато са зелени, или когато достигнат пълна зрялост и сухо на самата централа. Общо взето, плодовете са готови за прибиране на реколтата, след като те зрели и стават червени. След това те се оставят да съхнат под слънцето и srink по размер.

Люти чушки имат силен пикантен вкус, който идва към тях, от активните алкалоиди съединения: капсаицин, капсантин and капсорубин.Ползи за здравето на чушки чили

  • Люта чушка съдържа впечатляващ списък на растителни получен химически съединения, които са известни, че имат заболяване предотвратяване и здравето насърчаване свойства.
  • Chilies contain health benefiting an alkaloid compound in them, капсаицин, which gives them strong spicy pungent character.
  • Fresh chili peppers, red and green, are rich source of vitamin-C. 100 g fresh chilies provide about 7 µg or about 240% of RDA.
  • They are also good in other antioxidants such as vitamin-A, and flavonoids like ß-carotene, α-carotene, lutein, zea-xanthin, and cryptoxanthin.
  • Chilies contain a good amount of minerals like potassium, manganese, iron, and magnesium.
  • Chilies are also good in B-complex group of vitamins such as niacin, pyridoxine (vitamin B-6), riboflavin and thiamin (vitamin B-1). These vitamins are essential in the sense that human body requires them from external sources to replenish.

птичи поглед-лют червен пипер
Don’t let their size mislead you. They may be tiny, but they do pack a mean spicy punch that belies their size. They may be small but these small, tapered red or green chillies are very pungent and extremely hot! Though they are sometimes called Thai chillies but actually are Mexican in origin. They are also often used in Chinese and South East Asian cooking.

What exactly is bird’s eye chilli They belong to the species Capsicum annuum, commonly found in Southeast Asia. Bird’s eye chilli can also be found in India, in Meghalaya and Kerala where it is used in traditional dishes. It is also a main ingredient in kochchisambal, a salad made using freshly scraped coconut ground with bird’s eye chillies and seasoned with salt and lemon juice. It is used extensively in Thai, Lao, Khmer, Indonesian, and Vietnamese cuisine too.

How spicy are they ?Measuring 50,000-100,000 scovilles, this tiny chilli originated in Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, The Philippines, and surrounding countries, but they can now be found all over the world. вероятно Те се наричат ​​Eye Chilli Бърд, защото на тяхната малка кръгла форма и тъй като те са били разпределени от птици. Отвисоко обикновено е червено на падеж, но може да бъде и жълто, purple or black. Те са много популярни в кухня от посочените по-горе области,, и те добавят доста удар върху много видове ястия, включително макаронени изделия, супи, sauces, спадове, and more.

Ползи за здравето на тези люти чушки

  • В исторически план, те са били използвани като естествен лек за артрит, rheumatism, метеоризъм и зъбобол.
  • Последните проучвания показват, че чрез консумирането само малко лют червен пипер (пресни или сушени) ежедневно, може да ви помогне да получите по-добър сън, а също и спи по-дълго. И да добавите малко прясно нарязани люти чушки за вечеря също може да ви помогне да се чувстват по-будни на следващия ден.
  • Проучванията показват също така, че като редовно консумират люти чушки, сърцето си, ще бъде здрав, тъй като спомага за намаляване на холестерола по този начин поддържане на кръвното си налягане в здравословна гама, и позволява повече кръв, за да стигнете до сърцето.

куркума
куркума is a plant. Вероятно знаете, куркума като основна подправка в къри. Тя е с топло, горчив вкус и често се използва за ароматизиране или цветни къри прахове, горчици, масла, и сирена. Но в основата на куркума също се използва широко, за да medicine.Turmeric се използва за артрит, киселини в стомаха (диспепсия), stomach pain, diarrhea, intestinal gas, stomachbloating, loss of appetite, jaundice, проблеми с черния дроб и жлъчния мехур разстройства.
Тя се използва и при главоболие, bronchitis, настинки, белодробни инфекции, фибромиалгия, проказа, fever, менструални проблеми, и рак. Други приложения включват депресия, Alzheimer’s disease, задържане на вода, глисти, и проблеми с бъбреците.
Някои хора се отнасят куркума за кожата за болка, тения, синини, пиявични ухапвания, очни инфекции, възпалителни състояния на кожата, болезненост в устата, and infected wounds.
In food and manufacturing, the essential oil of turmeric is used in perfumes, and its resin is used as a flavor and color component in foods.Turmeric has been used to relieve everything from liver problems to depression to ringworm in folk medicine, but, like many alternative therapies, there’s not always much research to back up the ancient wisdom.

Turmeric can tame heartburn and an upset stomach.A compound in turmeric may ward off heart attacks…

дафинови листа
Pleasantly aromatic bay leaf or bay-laurel is one of the well-recognized culinary leaf-spices in use since the earliest times. In the legends, bay laurel is deemed as the tree of the Sun god, under the celestial sign of Leo.

Botanically, bay tree belongs to the family of Lauraceae, in the genus; Laurus. It is thought to have originated in Asia Minor region, from where it distributed to all over the Mediterranean region and other parts of Asia.Scientific name: Laurus nobilis.

The bay plant is a tall, conical, evergreen tree growing upto 30 feet in height. Yellow or greenish white, star-shaped flowers appear in clusters during early spring, which subsequently produce dark-green to purplish, single seeded berry. Its thick and leathery leaves feature elliptic, shiny, dark-green and measure about 3-4 inches in length.

Bay leaves give off a pleasing and sweet aroma when added to dish. Wilted and dried leaves indeed are strongly aromatic and can be stored for months. Its dried fruit (berries) can also be employed as a flavoring agent in the cuisines.

The bay plant is a tall, conical, evergreen tree growing upto 30 feet in height. Yellow or greenish white, star-shaped flowers appear in clusters during early spring, which subsequently produce dark-green to purplish, single seeded berry. Its thick and leathery leaves feature elliptic, shiny, dark-green and measure about 3-4 inches in length.

Bay leaves give off a pleasing and sweet aroma when added to dish. Wilted and dried leaves indeed are strongly aromatic and can be stored for months. Its dried fruit (berries) can also be employed as a flavoring agent in the cuisines.

Health benefits of bay leaf

  • Bay leaf was highly praised by the Greeks and the Romans, who deeply believed that the herb symbolizes wisdom, peace, и защита.
  • В подправка съдържа много забележителни растения, получени съединения, минерали и витамини, които са от съществено значение за оптимално здраве.
  • Тази подправка е много летливи активни компоненти като а-пинен, б-пинен, мирцен, лимонен, linalool, метил шавикол, нерала, а-терпинеол, геранил ацетат, eugenol, и тези съединения са известни, че са били антисептично, антиоксидант, digestive, и смята, че има противоракови свойства.
  • Пресните листа са много богат източник на витамин С; предоставяне 46.5 мг или 77.5% of RDA per 100 g. Витамин Ц (аскорбинова киселина) е един от най-мощен естествен антиоксидант, който помогне за отстраняване на вредните свободни радикали от тялото. Аскорбиновата киселина има имуностимулант, зарастване на рани и анти-вирусни ефекти.
  • Furthermore, неговите пресни листа и билкови части са много добри в фолиева киселина; съдържа около 180 мг или 45% на дневна препоръчани стойности на 100 g. Фолати са важни за синтеза на ДНК и когато се прилага по време на периода на пери-концепция, те могат да помогне за предотвратяване на дефекти на невралната тръба на бебето.
  • Дафинови листа са отличен източник на витамин А; съдържа 6185 IU или 206% от препоръчителната дневна нива на 100 g. Витамин А е естествен антиоксидант и е от съществено значение за здравословното визуален поглед. Той също така е необходим за поддържане на лигавиците и здравето на кожата. Консумацията на естествени храни, богати на витамин А е установено, за да помогне да се предпази от белия дроб и рак на устната кухина.
  • Подправката е наистина много добър източник на много витамини като ниацин, pyridoxine, пантотенова киселина и рибофлавин. Тези В-комплекс групи витамини помогне в ензимен синтез, функция нервна система, и регулиране на метаболизма на тялото.
  • Тази благородна подправка е добър източник на минерали като мед, potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, селен, цинк и магнезий. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps control heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese and copper are used by the body as co-factors for the antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase. Iron is essential for red blood cell production and as a co-factor for cytochrome-oxidase enzymes.

Семена копър
The health benefits of dill include its ability to boost digestive health, as well as provide relief from insomnia, hiccups, diarrhea, dysentery, menstrual disorders, respiratory disorders, и рак. It is also good for oral care, and can be a powerful boost for your immune system and can protect you from bone degradation. It is also an anti-inflammatory substance, which means that it can protect you against arthritis. Furthermore, it can reduce excess gas, and is considered a carminative.

Dill, scientifically known as Anethum Graveolens, е бил използван за кулинарни и медицински цели в продължение на стотици години. И двете семената и листата могат да бъдат използвани. Освен като силен, остър, апетитен аромат и вкус, копър има много лечебни свойства, които основно идват от някои съединения, наречени монотерпени, както и флавоноиди, минерали и някои аминокиселини.

Копър може да бъде постоянен или годишен билка, в зависимост от това, къде се отглежда в света. Тази билка се използва в почти всички континенти на планетата по някакъв капацитет, и въпреки че той се нарича много различни неща, тя служи подобни цели в голяма част от световната кухня. Може да се използва сух като топинг за редица ястия, но тя се използва и като съставка в много ястия. За тези билкари, които искат сами да отглеждат копър, it is important to cultivate this herb in warm to hot summers, with plenty of sunshine.

Nutritional Value of Dill

The health benefits of dill are derived from its organic compounds, vitamins, and minerals. These include powerful monoterpenes like limonene, carvone, and anethofuran, as well as flavonoids like vicenin and kaempferol. As for vitamins and minerals, dill has a significant amount of vitamin A and vitamin C, as well as trace amounts of folate, iron, and manganese.

бахар
Allspice, also known popularly as Jamaican pepper or pimento, is one of the widely used spice in the Mexican and other Central American cuisines. This spice corn actually is a dried “unripe” fruit obtained from an evergreen tropical shrub belonging to the Myrtaceae family, in the genus: pimento. Scientific name: Pimenta dioica.

Дървото на бахар е роден в тропическите вечнозелени дъждовни гори на региона на Централна Америка и Карибския басейн острови. Generally, растението започва носещи плодове след около пет години след имплантацията.

Зелените недозрели плодове, в общи линии, вдигна от дървото, когато те достигнат пълния размер. На мазоли след това се подлагат на сушене при слънчева светлина старателно. Така сбръчкани плодове, които се появяват, подобен на този от кафява пипер, измерване за 6 мм в диаметър, но съдържа две семена за разлика от пипер, които имат само един централно поставена семена.

Приземен бахар има силен пикантен вкус и аромат, който много прилича на смес от черен пипер, индийско орехче, карамфил, и канела..

Ползи за здравето на Бахар

  • Активните принципи в бахар е установено, че имат противовъзпалително, rubefacient (warming and soothing), газогонен, и анти-банален свойства.
  • Бахар мазоли съдържа здраве полза етерични масла като eugenol, на фенилпропаноид клас на химично съединение, which gives pleasant, сладки аромати на тази подправка. Той съдържа също така кариофилен, метилевгенол, гликозиди, tannins, кверцетин, смола, И в обработващите елементи, тези летливи етерични масла са получени чрез процес дестилация с помощта на тази подправка царевица. Външният слой на бахар-плодове се смята, че има най-голяма концентрация на някои от съединенията на лекарствени дейности.
  • Както и в зърна черен пипер, активните принципи в бахар могат да увеличат подвижността на стомашно-чревния тракт, в допълнение към подпомагане на храносмилането чрез улесняване ензимни секрети в стомаха и червата.
  • Евгенолът, има локален анестетик и антисептични свойства. Той установява, полезни в смола и стоматологични процедури за третиране. Последните изследвания показват, че подготовката направена от бахар масло се смесва с извлеци от чесън, риган и могат да работят срещу E.coli, Salmonella и L.monocytogenes инфекции.
  • Подправката е обогатена с добра сума на минерали като калий, manganese, iron, copper, селен, and magnesium. Желязото е важен кофактор за цитохром-оксидаза ензими по време на клетъчния метаболизъм. Той също така е необходим за производството на червени кръвни клетки вътре в костния мозък. Като важен компонент на клетъчните и телесни течности, калий помага за контрол на сърдечната честота и кръвното налягане. Манганът се използва в човешкото тяло като ко-фактор за антиоксидант ензима, superoxide dismutase.
  • Further, тази подправка също носи много добро количество витамин А, vitamin B-6 (pyridoxine), рибофлавин, ниацин и витамин C. Витамин С е мощен естествен антиоксидант; редовната консумация на храни, богати на витамин С помага на организма да се развие резистентност срещу инфекциозни агенти и продухване вредно, провъзпалителни свободни радикали.

Семена от кориандър
кориандър е роден в Югоизточна Европа и отглежда широко в цяла Европа, Близкия Изток, China, India, и Турция. Той е признат като кориандър на запад. Това тревисто растение расте до 2 фута височина с разклонения стъбла, с участието на наситено зелено мека, без козина, BI или три-lobed листа. Зрелият растение носи малки цветни цветя светло розови, които впоследствие се превръщат в кълбовидни или овални плодове (семена). Семената измерват около 4-6 mm в диаметър с централна кухина, съдържаща две вертикални vittae съдържащи някои важни етерични масла.

Семената са готови за прибиране на реколтата, когато растенията потъмнява, листата започват да изсъхне и да падне. Незрели семена са светло зелено и горчи. Жъна, реколтата се нарязва, вързани в малки пакети, и се суши на слънчевата светлина за няколко дни. традиционно, за разделяне на семената, или снопите са бити с пръчка или лек валяк използва, за да избледнее шушулките.

Ползи за здравето на семена от кориандър

  • Кориандър семена съдържат много растителна основа химични съединения, които са известни, че са били антиоксидант, болест предотвратяване, и здравето насърчаване на имоти.
  • Характерната ароматен вкус на кориандър семена идва от много мастни киселини и етерични летливи масла. Някои важни мастни киселини в сухи семена включват петроселинова киселина, линолова киселина (омега 6), олеинова киселина, и палмитинова киселина. In addition, семената съдържат етерични масла като линалоол (68%), а-пинен (10%), гераниол, camphene, терпин т.н.. Заедно; тези активни съставки са отговорни за храносмилателната, газогонен, и анти-банален свойства на семената.
  • Както и в други подправки, кориандър е богат на на диетични фибри. 100 ж семена предоставят 41.9 г фибри. Голяма част от това влакно е метаболитно инертен неразтворими фибри, което спомага за повишаване на голяма част от храната чрез абсорбиране вода през храносмилателната система и да помогне облекчаване на състоянието на запек.
  • In addition, диетични фибри свързват жлъчни соли (произведени от холестерол) и намаляване на тяхното повторно поглъщане в дебелото черво, по този начин да помогне по-ниски серумни нива на LDL холестерол. Заедно с флавоноидни антиоксиданти, влакнест състав от кориандър помага за защитата на дебелото черво лигавица от ракови заболявания.
  • Семената са отличен източник на минерали като желязо, copper, calcium, potassium, manganese, цинк и магнезий. Медта се изисква в производството на червени кръвни клетки. Желязото е от съществено значение за клетъчния метаболизъм и образуването на червени кръвни клетки. Цинкът е ко-фактор в много ензими, които регулират растежа и развитието, поколение сперма, храносмилането и синтез на нуклеинова киселина. Калиев е важен компонент на клетъчните и телесни течности, който помага контролен сърдечната честота и кръвното налягане. Манганът се използва от организма като ко-фактор за мощен антиоксидант ензима, superoxide dismutase.
  • За разлика от други семена сухи подправки, които не разполагат с витамин C, кориандър семена съдържат достатъчно количество от този антиоксидант витамин. 100 г сухи семена предоставят 21 мг или 35% на РДВР на витамин-C.
  • Furthermore, семената са складовете на много жизненоважни В-комплекс витамини като тиамин, рибофлавин, и ниацин.

Всички подправки Прах
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